Volgograd State Technical University

400131, Russia, Volgograd, Lenin avenue 28, VSTU

Tel/Fax: +7 (8442) 23-00-76.

rector@vstu.ru

The important problems of ecology and the ecological conditions of Volga-Caspian basin

The important problem of ecology is environment pollution control and removal of waste. Society throughout the world has to face these challenges. But in Russia the problem of wastes is critical. There is no system approach to the waste treatment, technologies of waste water treatment and flue gas cleaning are insufficiently developed, and technologies of remediation of polluted soils and water objects are no used. 

All these problems are of great importance for the Volga-Caspian region. All territories of this region have very similar ecological problems and that's why the preparation of the universal study program for all technical universities of this region seems to be actual and reasonable. There are big cities situated on Volga shores (Samara, Saratov, Volgograd, Astrakhan, Kazan) with highly developed chemical and engineering industry, power engineering and agrarian-industrial complex. As a result the largest European river Volga and the Caspian Sea become the object of the highest anthropogenic influence. 

In order to solve the ecological problems of the Volga–Caspian basin the industry of waste management must be developed in the main cities of this region. To successfully operate in this field high qualified specialists must be prepared. They may be trained for this specialty at the ecology departments of technical universities located in this region, namely the universities of Samara, Saratov, Volgograd, Astrakhan and Kazan, where engineering, nature-science and economic disciplines may be studied in a multidisciplinary approach.