Volgograd State Technical University

400131, Russia, Volgograd, Lenin avenue 28, VSTU

Tel/Fax: +7 (8442) 23-00-76.

rector@vstu.ru

Necessity of modernizing the Russian Higher Education System

Reforming and modernization of higher education in agreement with Bologna Process is an important problem of educational system of Russian Federation. The actual situation is that according to the contemporary legislation, federal law № 232 from October 24, 2007 higher educational institutions of Russian Federation have to introduce the two-level Bachelor-Master educational system of training since September 1, 2010. Directions of preparation and specialization of bachelors and masters have been determined, state standards for development of educational programs. 

New standards and curricula suggest that the essential part of curricula and educational materials will be developed by universities. These developments should be carried out paying attention to the experiences of universities, scientific schools and demands of regional business. Thus, in the forthcoming years universities of Russia face an important task of reforming of a large number of educational programs.

Development of new educational programs should be based on the achievements of the world science and engineering. This work will not be successful for Russian higher education institutions without multilateral partnership with the same in EU. The aim of such partnership is the establishment of European area network of higher education in Russia in order to improve the quality of education, to create more jobs and growth for graduates of universities.

Necessity of focusing on ecological and environmental issues in higher education of the Russian Federation in general and in the Volgo-Caspian Region in particular:

One of the most important directions in higher education reform is ecologists training. Problems of the environment pollution as well as the removal of wastes may be solved only by integration of energies of all industrial countries.

There is a growing recognition of the importance of the Environmental Management issues in Russian companies and organizations and at the same time understanding that their business improvements cannot be achieved without properly educated “Environmental professionals”.

Ecological education in Russia has undergone the same metamorphosis as ecology science which has gradually turned from the modest unit of biology to a mega-science which requires a multidisciplinary approach. The main objective of modern ecological education in higher school is to teach students to formulate environmental problems and to find ways of their decision. In order to achieve this it is necessary to proceed from simple transfer of knowledge and skills to teaching the strategy of living and action in quickly changing conditions of environment. For this purpose it is supposed to enter a lot of nonconventional themes into educational process, to strengthen interdisciplinary training, to learn to put and solve complex ecological and social problems.

New bachelor’s program of the description “Preservation of the environment and rational use of natural resources” corresponds to these requirements. It has been developed according to the teaching direction “Energy and resources conservation processes in chemical technology, petrochemisry and biotechnology”.

The area of professional work of bachelors on this direction includes creation, introduction and operation of energy and recourses conserving, ecologically safe technologies in chemical, petrochemical and biotechnological industries, development of methods of manipulation with industrial both household waste products and secondary raw material resources. The bachelor’s program of the named description have been introduced into the teaching process of many Russian technical universities. On the contrary training of the high level specialists Masters is just on the initial stage of curricula development. 

As for master programs, according to Russian state educational standard they should be formed in view of requirements of concrete region, taking into account needs of the industry in experts of the given direction.

That is, more independence is given to high schools at drawing up of the curriculum, only 30 % of time is reserved for obligatory general scientific and professional disciplines studying. Nowadays master programs on the teaching direction “Energy and resources conservation processes in chemical technology, petrochemisry and biotechnology”are not developed yet.